Big Data

How To Get A Data Science Job? [Decoded In 8 Simple Steps]

The promising career in the data science field has led to an increase in competition. With numerous candidates competing hard to get the role, the opportunities often land in the lap of the right skilled and experience holders with effective communication. All the prerequisites and the answer to how to get a data science job are in eight detailed steps below.

8 Steps to Get a Data Science Job 

Follow these eight steps to get your desired data science job:

Step 1: Define Your Goal and Path

Clearly identify your career goals in data science

Clearly define your data science career goals based on tenure and expertise level. Consider becoming a data analyst with internships or entry-level positions for short-term goals. Medium-term goals involve becoming a subject matter expert and publishing research papers. Long-term goals may include becoming a top data scientist, collaborating with companies, starting a firm, and contributing to universities and journals.

Research different data science roles and choose the one that aligns with your interests and skills

Research various data science roles and select the one that aligns with your interests and skills. Options include becoming a Data Analyst, mastering Machine Learning, specializing in Natural Language Processing, working on Big Data Projects, or advancing in Deep Learning.

Identify the skills and knowledge required for your desired role and create a learning plan

Wondering about how to get into data science? Begin with creating a learning plan which includes joining a certification course, going through free lectures on YouTube, gaining information from books or working in coordination with other experts in the field. To further answer how to get data analyst job as a fresher or how to get a data science job, the following table presents the skills and knowledge required for various data science roles:  

Role Skills Knowledge
Data Analyst Data manipulation and visualization, Excel, SQL, Data visualization libraries Data cleaning, preprocessing, querying and visualization
Machine Learning Algorithms, hyperparameter tuning, model selection, evaluation metrics, TensorFlow, scikit-learn, PyTorch Supervised and unsupervised learning, clustering, regression, classification, ensemble methods, deep learning architectures
Natural Language Processing  NLP libraries, frameworks, spaCy, NLTK, transformers, classification, entity recognition, sentiment analysis, fine-tuning language models Word embeddings, Recurrent and Convolutional Neural Networks (RNNs and CNNs), text preprocessing 
Big Data Large-scale data processing, storage and processing in distributed environments MapReduce, data partitioning, sharding
Deep learning  Deep learning frameworks, deep neural networks, computer vision, NLP applications.  Neural network architectures, transfer learning, backpropagation, optimization algorithms.

Step 2: Master the Fundamentals

Develop a strong foundation in statistics, mathematics, and programming languages such as Python or R

  • Statistics: Candidates figuring how to get a data science job should gain knowledge in descriptive and inferential statistics and probability. These are used for summarization, visualization, making inferences and hypothesis testing. Probability is used in Bayesian statistics and Monte Carlo simulations
  •  Mathematics: Learn about linear algebra and calculus focusing on linear regression, SVM or Support Vector Machines and PCA or Principal Component Analysis. In calculus, focus on gradients, optimization algorithms and partial derivatives. These are required for dimensionality reduction, matrix operations and gradient-based optimization. 
  •  Programming languages (Python or R): Learn about methods of data manipulation, working with data structures, control structures, functions, libraries and packages. These are used for cleaning and processing the data, repetitive tasks, and implementation of complete algorithms. 
Importance of Programming language in data science jobs
Source: LinkedIn

Learn about data manipulation, visualization, and analysis techniques

Wondering how to get data analyst job as a fresher or thinking about how to get into data science? Mastering the three techniques can be your solution:

  • Data manipulation: The candidates must learn SQL or structured Query Language and programming languages for data manipulation. They should be able to query, filter, join and aggregate data while filtering, grouping, merging and transforming it. 
  • Data visualization: Begin with learning popular data visualization libraries, for instance, Plotly, ggplot2, Matplotlib or Seaborn. Work on storytelling skills, creating engaging content while making it simpler for the understandability of technical and non-technical audiences. 
  • Data analysis: Master the statistical concepts for data interpretation and machine learning algorithms for analyzing the practical applications of data. Learn all the related techniques like hypothesis testing, clustering, NLP, regression analysis, and clustering. 

Understand key machine learning algorithms and concepts

Machine Learning is the prime answer to how to get a data science job. To outshine in jobs, focus on supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms, decision trees and ensemble methods, neural networks and deep learning, model evaluation and selection, overfitting and regularization, hyperparameter tuning, feature selection of data and mode deployment and interpretability. 

Step 3: Gain Practical Experience

Specifically, answering the query about how to become data analyst with no experience,  here are the important points to consider:

Work on real-world data science projects

The projects allow for gaining practical applications and skills by dealing with messy datasets. You can build a portfolio demonstrating complex problem-solving and critical thinking skills gained from data science projects. 

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Apply for internships or freelance projects to gain hands-on experience.

Internships provides certified proof to showcase your abilities and skills. It also sets your foot in the industry and helps you better understand the real world. Meeting with different experts and dealing with competitors and colleagues develops confidence. 

Step 4: Build a Strong Portfolio

Showcase your data science projects, demonstrating your skills and problem-solving abilities

This step helps in how to become a data scientist without a degree. The exhibition of projects, skills and problem-solving abilities through a portfolio proves your worth in front of the employer. It helps you outshine other individuals and displays your eagerness and activeness in the field. It speaks for your technical capabilities and to overcome the challenges. 

Develop a GitHub repository or personal website to display your work

These contribute to your portfolio and indicate your independent ability for task completion. Besides exhibiting the skills, it also showcases your continuous learning and updated knowledge. It specifically speaks to your coding ability, algorithm implementation and management skills. 

Document your methodologies, results, and any insights gained from your projects

Documenting in a clear and concise manner speaks for the ability to communicate your results, which is a highly significant aspect of the field of data science. The ability to communicate the same to a non-technical audience, along with the replicable nature of your results, demonstrates your conceptual clarity in the field. 

Portfolio of Data Scientist
Source: Analytics Vidhya

Check out our article on Data Scientist Resume Guide!

Step 5: Networking and Building Connections

Attend data science meetups, conferences, and industry events

Besides contributing to networking opportunities, these are important to gain insights about current and future job prospects and new fields. Knowledge sharing in such events is helpful in attracting recruiters to make a lasting impression. 

The online engagement benefits in getting a data science job by letting you learn from your peers across the globe, seek advice on challenges, showcase your expertise and remain updated in the field. 

Connect with professionals in the field through LinkedIn and other networking platforms.

The networking platforms allow you to exhibit your professional expertise. Your strong profile can be fit for any company, thus aiding you in landing a job. Different job opportunities are also available on these platforms. 

Learn, connect and thrive: Join our Analytics Vidhya community and find the best data professionals and enthusiasts.

Step 6: Enhance Your Skill Set

Stay updated with the latest advancements in data science

The latest advancements are significant for continuous evolution and gaining a competitive edge in the crowd. It increases the candidate’s capability, accuracy and efficiency while improving problem-solving efficiency. It also boosts the ability of data-driven decision-making. 

Explore specialized areas such as natural language processing, computer vision, or deep learning

The specialized areas allow for gaining expertise in specific niches. Besides gaining increased and efficient knowledge of the niche, it aids in solving complex problems concerning the same. For instance, NLP experts will specialize in chatbot development and sentiment analysis, but computer vision experts will focus on image segmentation. 

Consider pursuing advanced degrees or certifications if necessary

The degrees and certifications lead to career advancement, provide in-depth knowledge, and prove the candidate’s dedication to learning and excelling in the field. The prime contribution of certificates and degrees is in promotions, increased application ability of knowledge and increment in salary. 

Step 7: Tailor Your Resume and Cover Letter

Customize your resume to highlight relevant skills, experiences, and projects.

A resume is the first introductory document that decides the opportunity to exhibit your true skills. Customizing it efficiently every time according to the job requirement increases the chances of gaining the opportunity. 

Write a compelling cover letter that showcases your passion and fit for the role

Ensure the cover letter expresses your enthusiasm and accurate reason to apply for the job and efficiently explains why you are the most suitable for the role. Personalize the letter and illustrate your journey and learning for better interaction with every recruiter. 

Quantifying your achievements by including numbers and metrics. They catch attention and have a more lasting impact compared to qualitative words. Include keywords from the job description and highlight your ability to provide data-driven results. Exhibit your solution-oriented nature. 

Data Science Resume
Source: resumelab

Step 8: Ace the Interview

Prepare for technical and behavioral interviews

Ensure preparation for statistics, programming and machine learning with an emphasis on algorithms, key concepts and methodologies mentioned in the job description. Ace the behavioral part by clearly explaining your past experiences, teamwork capabilities and problem-solving approaches.

Review common data science interview questions and practice solving them

Practice for the interview by going through questions on data manipulation, analysis, model evaluation, metrics, techniques, tools and algorithms as well as behavioral questions.

Demonstrate your problem-solving skills, ability to communicate complex ideas, and passion for data science

Use your portfolio and projects to show your problem-solving skills. Communicate your achievements and your skills clearly and precisely. Exhibit a passion for data science by stating current updates, advancements and active engagement in projects outside the academic requirements. 


The data science job requires the right mix of education, skills and communication. Besides the requirement of soft skills, the aspirants in the field must focus on gaining hands-on experience and building a portfolio. It helps in the long run. The passion and curiosity of the candidates should be exhibited by remaining updated with advancements in the field. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is it hard to get a data science job?

A. It is not hard to get a data science job in the presence of conceptual clarity, hands-on experience and practice and efficient representation of required skills. 

Q2. What qualifications do you need to be a data scientist?

A. You need a Bachelor’s degree, technical skills like programming languages, and proficiency in machine learning and data analysis techniques to be a data scientist. Ensure gaining proper soft skills like problem-solving, critical thinking and team working abilities as well. 

Q3. Can a fresher get a data science job?

A. Yes, freshers can get internships and entry-level positions in data science. These help in building the foundation for further advancements.

Q4. How can I get a data science job in India?

A. You can get a data science job in India by gaining the right education and skills. Networking, internships, and online courses also play important roles in the journey.