Nanotechnology

Recent advances in iridium-based catalysts with different dimensions for the acidic oxygen evolution reaction


Proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolysis is considered a promising technology for green hydrogen production, and iridium (Ir)-based catalysts are the best materials for anodic oxygen evolution reactions (OER) owing to their high stability and anti-corrosion ability in a strong acid electrolyte. The properties of Ir-based nanocatalysts can be tuned by rational dimension engineering, which has received intensive attention recently for catalysis ability boosting. To achieve a comprehensive understanding of the structural and catalysis performance, herein, an overview of the recent progress was provided for Ir-based catalysts with different dimensions for the acidic OER. The promotional effect was first presented in terms of the nano-size effect, synergistic effect, and electronic effect based on the dimensional effect, then the latest progress of Ir-based catalysts classified into zero-dimensional (0D), one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) catalysts was introduced in detail; and the practical application of some typical examples in the real PEM water electrolyzers (PEMWE) was also presented. Finally, the problems and challenges faced by current dimensionally engineered Ir-based catalysts in acidic electrolytes were discussed. It is concluded that the increased surface area and catalytic active sites can be realized by dimensional engineering strategies, while the controllable synthesis of different dimensional structured catalysts is still a great challenge, and the correlation between structure and performance, especially for the structural evolution during the electrochemical operation process, should be probed in depth. Hopefully, this effort could help understand the progress of dimensional engineering of Ir-based catalysts in OER catalysis and contribute to the design and preparation of novel efficient Ir-based catalysts.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances in iridium-based catalysts with different dimensions for the acidic oxygen evolution reaction