Adhesive residue left on recyclable materials, such as glass and cardboard, can be a challenge to recycle. But a new approach that uses degradable polymers means it can be dissolved. It was developed at the University of Surrey.
Sticky residue causes problems in the recycling industry, ranging from low-quality products, blocked water systems and damaged recycling machinery.
The seemingly new adhesive, very similar to that used on commercial packaging tape, has a chemical additive known as thionolactone which makes up 0.25% of the composition. This additive allows the adhesive to be dissolved in the recycling process – previously an impossibility. Labels can also be detached up to 10 times faster when compared to a non-degradable adhesive, said the group.
Professor Joseph Keddie, leader of the Soft Matter Physics laboratory at the University of Surrey and fellow of the Surrey Institute for Sustainability, said: “Adhesives are made from a network of chain-like polymer molecules, irreversibly linked them together, which leads to the residue build-up we see left behind when recycling materials such as glass and cardboard.”
“The problem of network residues is frustrating on an industrial scale and [the] consequences of insoluble adhesives [for] the quality of recycled products are of even greater concern,” he said.
This solution appears to promise easier and more cost-effective recycling.
“Our additive creates what we call degradable thioester connections in the polymer network and provides an innovative solution to making recycling processes residue-free.”
“While other degradable adhesives exist, there are none which resemble what is currently used industry-wide in their chemical make-up. We are proving it is possible to use similar adhesives and show that a simple additive has the potential to increase the quality of recycled materials such as glass and cardboard.
“The next steps would be to look at the commercial viability of this additive, as well as look at the sustainability impact.”
So far, the adhesive has been tested on glass, steel, plastic and paper, including cardboard.
Rohani Abu Bakar is the lead PhD student working on this project funded by the Malaysian Rubber Board. She commented on the impact this will have when she returns to Malaysia:
“The interdisciplinary approach across chemistry and physics has been incredibly useful in building the knowledge and skills to solve a very real sustainability problem. There is no doubt that many countries across the world need to review how they recycle major materials, and this brings us one step closer to reaching our sustainability goals on an industrial scale.”
The paper has been published in the German Chemical Society journal Angewandte Chemie.
The University of Surrey is a world-leading centre for excellence in sustainability – where our multi-disciplinary research connects society and technology to equip humanity with the tools to tackle climate change, clean our air, reduce the impacts of pollution on health and help us live better, more sustainable lives.